What are hearing aid earmolds?

By | April 30, 2019

Petite or Spock-like, protruding or tucked, flexible or rigid, our ears are as differently shaped and textured as the nose on our faces. Despite being the object of schoolyard ridicule and tell-tale indicators of embarrassment, our ears perform an important function. And for those who wear hearing aids, a custom-fit earmold can make a big difference in more clearly hearing the world around them. 

What are hearing aid earmolds?

An example of a hearing aid with a custom earmold.
The earmold, shown at bottom right, fits
inside the ear canal and is customized to 
a person’s unique ear shape
.

The parts of a hearing aid that fit inside the ear come in two basic styles: earmold or dome style. Earmolds are made of either plastic or silicone and custom-fit so that they sit snugly and precisely within the ear canal. They generally have small vents in them to let air through. 

Dome styles, which look like small cones, are not customized to a person’s individual ear shape. These are stocked in standard sizes and you are given the size that fits best in your ear canal. They generally have large openings to let in lots of natural sound and ventilation.

Depending on the type and degree of hearing loss, and the anatomy of the ear, the earmold can be canal size (small), half-shell size (medium) or full-shell size (large). The kind of earmold you wear also depends on your personal preference, the shape and texture of your ear, and your specific hearing aid. 

Why earmolds?

For people who have high-frequency hearing loss (meaning they have trouble hearing higher-pitched sounds, like children’s voices), dome-style hearing aids are often adequate. 

But for people who have trouble hearing at low frequencies or across all frequencies, earmolds deliver better sound because they fit snugly inside the ear. The snug fit keeps amplified sound from traveling back outside the canal and creating a feedback loop, which is a high-pitched whistling that’s caused as the amplified sound leaks out and gets reamplified.

“Earmolds are usually best for hearing loss across the entire speech spectrum.”

“Earmolds are usually best for hearing loss across the entire speech spectrum,” said Tom Contento, a board-certified hearing aid instrument specialist and owner of Contentment Hearing Care in Titusville, Fla.

People who are already accustomed to wearing hearing aids may prefer the earmold style, while first time hearing aid users often opt for hearing aid domes because they are more comfortable, have less occlusion, and are easily changed, he said.

“Every person is an individual,” Contento said. “My job is to determine what is best for you. It’s a case-by-case basis.”

The importance of a good fit

A woman wears a hearing aid with an earmold.
This woman is wearing an Oticon Dynamo
power hearing aid with an earmold.
(Picture courtesy of Oticon.) 

Since ears come in all shapes and sizes, it’s important to have a hearing healthcare professional customize an earmold to fit the unique shape of your ear. These devices must be tight enough to prevent sound from leaking out and creating feedback—but not so tight they cause pain.

The customization process is painless and includes making an impression of your ear canal and outer ear with a soft molding compound, much like a dentist would use to take an impression of your teeth. 

Common earmold problems

Even though earmolds are made from an actual impression of your own ear, they may need a bit of adjusting. And, since ears change shape and many earmolds are made from softer materials, your hearing care professional will likely check your earmold on an annual basis to make sure it still fits correctly. 

Some of the common problems earmold users can experience include:

  • Your own voice sounds muffled. Because the earmold blocks the ear canal, users may notice their voices sound muffled, much like during a bad cold. This is known as the occlusion effect and can be managed with earmold modifications or hearing aid circuit changes.
  • Your own voice sounds too loud. When a hearing aid user complains their own voice sounds too loud, the earmold may need a larger vent.
  • Feedback or whistling. If the vent in the earmold is too large or in the wrong place, sound can leak through and cause feedback. Your hearing healthcare professional can address this problem by attaching a small handle called a “canal lock” that will hold the earmold more securely in place, preventing feedback. 

More: How to troubleshoot common hearing aid problems.

Earmolds for noise exposure

Non-hearing aid users may use earmolds, too. Custom earmolds for sound protection are a great way to protect your hearing from loud sounds at work or at play. Musicians, stock car racers and even some professional football teams use earmolds with an acoustical chamber that blocks most noise while still allowing the wearer to understand speech. Some swimmers use specialized earmolds designed to keep water out of their ear canals. Hearing care professionals can help fit you with these types of earmolds, too. 

Taking care of your earmolds

The earmold is an important part of your hearing instrument. Wipe it clean each night before you go to bed and let your hearing healthcare professional know if you ever encounter problems or discomfort.  If you see any debris in the earmold openings or in the tubing that runs through it, be sure to clean it using the instructions given to you by your hearing care practitioner.

If your hearing has changed or you suspect you may have hearing loss, make an appointment to have your hearing evaluated. Visit our online directory to find a hearing center and to read verified patient reviews on professionals in your community.

Healthy Hearing Content